Bringing Past Practices to the Present

BRINGING PAST PRACTICES TO THE PRESENT   “From the Library to the Laboratory and Back Again: Experiment as a Tool for Historians of Science”, eds. Hjalmar Fors, Lawrence M. Principe, and H. Otto Sibum, Ambix, volume 63, issue 2 (2016) ISSN: 0002-6980 (Print) 1745-8234 (Online)   Doina-Cristina RUSU   This special issue focuses on the […]

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Cavendish’s Orderly Philosophy

CAVENDISH’S ORDERLY PHILOSOPHY Deborah Boyle, The Well-Ordered Universe: The Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), ISBN: 9780190234805, 288pp.   Maaike KORPERSHOEK   Seventeenth-century philosopher Margaret Cavendish managed to treat various interesting topics in her books, poems, plays and letters. In The Well-Ordered Universe: The Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish, Deborah Boyle deals with […]

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Cordemoy: Is He a Cartesian Outsider? Desgabets’s Interpretation of Cordemoy’s Atomism

CORDEMOY: IS HE A CARTESIAN OUTSIDER? DESGABETS’S INTERPRETATION OF CORDEMOY’S ATOMISM Invited editor: Siegrid AGOSTINI   Abstract. This paper, dedicated to Gérauld de Cordemoy, pursues a dual purpose: first, to reconstruct a specific conflicting situation which involves Claude Clerselier and Robert Desgabets by stressing the role the three man played within Cartesianism (I); second, to […]

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René Descartes’ Parricide: The Challenge of Cartesian Philosophy of Nature and Philosophy of Mind to Aristotle’s Authorship

RENÉ DESCARTES’ PARRICIDE: THE CHALLENGE OF CARTESIAN PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE AND PHILOSOPHY OF MIND TO ARISTOTLE’S AUTHORSHIP Invited editor: Giulia MINGUCCI   Abstract. It is commonly held that René Descartes‟ mind-body dualism introduced a new outlook on human beings and their place in nature. In what follows, I will argue that it is rather his […]

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Rise and Fall of Achille De Giovanni’s Clinical Anthropometry

RISE AND FALL OF ACHILLE DE GIOVANNI’S CLINICAL ANTHROPOMETRY Invited editor: Fabio ZAMPIERI   Abstract. Achille de Giovanni (1838-1916), Italian clinician and pathologist, developed a constitutional method for clinical investigations based on the morphology of the human body. He was the first to use anthropometry with living patients with the aim of evaluating the relationship […]

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The Asylum as Utopia in the Homeopathic Landscape: Innovations and Contradictions

THE ASYLUM AS UTOPIA IN THE HOMEOPATHIC LANDSCAPE: INNOVATIONS AND CONTRADICTIONS Invited editor: Paola PANCIROLI   Abstract. Between the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century, Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), known today as the founder of homeopathy, developed a new medical system which gained great success among the public. The interests of […]

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Healers, Quacks, Professionals: Monastery Pharmacies in the Rural Medical Marketplace

HEALERS, QUACKS, PROFESSIONALS: MONASTERY PHARMACIES IN THE RURAL MEDICAL MARKETPLACE Invited editor: Katalin PATAKI   Abstract. This study focuses on the role of monasteries in the medical provision of the late eighteenth-century Hungarian Kingdom, with a special interest in monastery pharmacies located in rural environments. These pharmacies and their apothecaries were gradually disappearing agents of […]

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Heretical Physicians In Sixteenth-century Italy: The Fortunes Of Girolamo Massari, Guglielmo Grataroli, and Teofilo Panarelli

HERETICAL PHYSICIANS IN SIXTEENTH-CENTURY ITALY: THE FORTUNES OF GIROLAMO MASSARI, GUGLIELMO GRATAROLI, AND TEOFILO PANARELLI Invited editor: Alessandra CELATI   Abstract. Renaissance knowledge was not composed of disparate, specialist disciplines. In particular, medicine and religion were strongly interconnected, and in times of intellectual crisis, the turmoil occurring within one field could affect the other. Considering […]

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Introduction: Do Winners Take it All?

INTRODUCTION: DO WINNERS TAKE IT ALL? Invited editor: Fabrizio BALDASSARRI   In a recent graphic narrative titled Heretics! The Wondrous (and Dangerous) Beginnings of Modern Philosophy, Steven Nadler and Ben Nadler illustrate the seventeenth century as a period of challenges against authority and established knowledge, politics, and religion. This narrative introduces an important element to […]

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