Rise and Fall of Achille de Giovanni’s Clinical Anthropometry
Abstract. Achille de Giovanni (1838-1916), Italian clinician and pathologist, developed a constitutional method for clinical investigations based on the morphology of the human body. He was the first to use anthropometry with living patients with the aim of evaluating the relationship between form and function, between organic structures, physiology and pathology, for understanding “individuality” in a scientific way. His clinical anthropometry gained some popularity during his life, but was completely forgotten few decades after his death. By consequence, he can be considered a loser from the point of view of the long-term impact of his theories and practices, but at the same time, some of his ideas could be still valid today.
Keywords: Achille de Giovanni, medical anthropometry, constitutional medicine, racial hygiene