Formation of The Political Elite in the MSSR (1944-1945)
Abstract. Personnel policy in the USSR pursued the goal of forming a layer of “national cadres” dedicated to the cause of communism, the local leadership elite. Its direct conductor on the ground was the republican party leadership, county, city and district party structures and the primary party organizations subordinate to them in organizations and enterprises. After the war, control was also established over all of them in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Moldova by specially created Bureaus of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks for each of these republics. The situation with personnel in the MSSR in Moscow was considered the most difficult of all those mentioned above. However, Moscow did not intend to directly control the republican power structures permanently. Local party leaders also had to take the initiative and train young cadres. For this purpose, in 1945, the Republican Party School was created in Chisinau under the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b)M. The main sources of replenishment of the personnel reserve were also party, Komsomol, and trade union activists, production leaders,
and authoritative team leaders. The main mistakes in the personnel policy of the Soviet period were considered to be the lack of people with higher education, especially specialists in the field in which they worked, the presence of a large number of vacant positions due to staff turnover, and the transfer of control over personnel training from Moscow to the leadership of the republics. When selecting personnel, the nationality of the applicant was taken into account and often, especially in the first post-war years, when there were few Moldovans in the party bodies, the nationality of the applicant played a decisive role.
Keywords: control, party, personnel policy, power, personnel training, national composition